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专升本试题

2018年舟山成人高考专升本英语语法

时间:2018/1/6 13:50:41   作者:马老师   来源:浙江继续教育在线www.jxjyu.cn   阅读:250   评论:0
内容摘要:2018年成人高考专升本英语语法

 成人高考专升本英语语法-形容词和副词:

 I.要点

 

   A.形容词

 

   1、形容词的用法

 

   形容词是用来修饰、描绘名词的,通常在句中作定语、表语或宾补,有时还可作状语。如:

 

   He is honest and hardworking.

 

  I found the book interesting.

 

  某些形容词与定冠词连用表示一类人作主语时,谓语通常用复数形式。如:

 

   The rich and the poor live in different parts of the city.

 

  The English like to be with their families.

 

  多个形容词作定语修饰名词的顺序:

 

   冠词+序数词+基数词+性质状态(描述性)+形状大小+新旧老少+颜色+国籍+材料+名词。如:the second five interesting big new red Chinese wall papers.

 

  2、形容词比较等级的形式

 

   (1)规则形式

 

   一般说来,单音节词及少数双音节词在后加-er;--est来构成比较级和最高级;其他双音节词及多音节词在前加more,most.如:

 

   great-greater-greatest

 

  busy-busier-busiest

 

  important-more important-(the)most important

 

  (2)不规则形式

 

   good(well)-better-best

 

  bad(ill)-worse-worst

 

  many(much)-more-most

 

  little-less-least

 

  (3)形容词比较等级的用法

 

   ①表示两者的比较,用形容词的比较级+than.如:

 

   He is cleverer than the other boys.

 

  This one is more beautiful than that one.

 

  ②表示两者以上的比较,用"the+形容词最高级(+名词)+of(in)…"如:

 

   He is the cleverest boy in his class.

 

  ③表示两者是同等程度,用"as+形容词原级+as".如:

 

   He is as tall as I.

 

  I have as many books as you.

 

  ④越…越…

 

  例如:The more I learn,the happier I am.

 

  ⑤You can never be too careful.越小心越好

 

   又如:You can never praise the teacher too highly.

 

  你怎么赞扬这个老师也不过分。

 

   ⑥I have never spent a more worrying day.

 

  那一天是最令我担心的一天。

 

   I have never had a better dinner.

 

  这是我吃过的最好的一顿饭。

 

   ⑦My English is no better than yours.

 

  我的英语和你的英语都不怎么样。

 

   B.副词

 

   1、副词的种类

 

   (1)时间副词如:ago,before,already,just,now,early,late,finally,tomorrow等

 

   (2)地点副词如:here,there,near,around,in,out,up,down,back,away,outside等。

 

   (3)方式副词如:carefully,angrily,badly,calmly,loudly,quickly,politely,nervously等。

 

   (4)程度副词如:almost,nearly,much,greatly,a bit,a little,hardly,so,very等。

 

   2、副词比较等级的用法

 

   其用法与形容词相似,只是副词最高级前可省略定冠词。如:

 

   Of all the boys he sings(the)most beautifully.

 

  We must work harder.

 

  3、某些副词在用法上的区别

 

   (1)already,yet,still

 

  already表示某事物已经发生,主要用于肯定句;yet表示期待某事发生,主要用于否定句和疑问句;still表示某事还在进行,主要用于肯定句和疑问句,有时也可用于否定句。如:

 

   We've already watched that film.

 

  I haven't finished my homework yet.

 

  He still works until late every night.

 

  (2)too,as well,also,either

 

  too,as well和also用于肯定句和疑问句,too和as well多用于口语,一般放在句末,而also多用于书面语,一般放在句中与动词连用。either用于否定句和否定的疑问句,往往放在句末。如:He went there too.

 

  He didn't go there either.

 

  I like you as well.

 

  I also went there.

 

  (3)hard,hardly

 

  hardly意为"几乎"与hard在词义上完全不同。如:

 

   I work hard every day.

 

  I can hardly remember that.

 

  (4)late,lately

 

  lately意为"最近、近来",late意为"晚、迟"。如:

 

   He never comes late.

 

  Have you been to the museum lately?

 

  例1 Tom's father thinks he is already ____

 

  A high enough B tall enough

 

  C enough high C enough tall

 

  解析:该题正确答案是B。修饰人高用tall,而建筑物的高用high,并且enough修饰形容词要放在形容词后面。因此该题选B。

 

   例2 ____ the worse I seem to be.

 

  A When I take more medicine

 

  B The more medicine I take

 

  C Taking more of the medicine

 

  D More medicine taken

 

  解析:该题正确答案为B。"the+形容词比较级+…,the+形容词比较级+…"意为越…,越…。该句意为:吃的药越多,我的病越是加重。

 

   例3"I haven't been to London yet".

 

  "I haven't been there ____".

 

  A too B also C either D neither

 

  解析:该题正确答案为C。A和B都用于肯定句中。D-neither本身意为否定"两者都不",而C-either则用于否定句中,意为"也"。

 

   例4 Mr Smith was ____ moved at the news.

 

  A deep B deeply C very deep D quite deeply

 

  解析:该题正确答案为B。A.deep用于副词时,修饰具体的深,如dig deep,而B-deeply则修饰表示感情色彩的词,如该题为deeply moved.另如deeply regret等。而D-quite和deeply均为副词,不能互相修饰。


标签:舟山成人高考专升本 舟山成人高考英语 成考专升本 

 

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